Turkish Climate

Because of the mountainous terrain and maritime influence, climates vary greatly. The Aegean and Mediterranean coasts enjoy a 29 deg C (84 deg F) mean temperature in July and a 9 deg C (48 deg F) mean in January. Rainfall is concentrated in the winter; Antalya on the southern coast receives an annual average of 991 mm (39 in). The Black Sea coast is somewhat cooler, and the rainfall is heavier, averaging 2,438 mm (96 in). The northeast has warm summers but severe winters averaging -9 deg C (16 deg F). Precipitation occurs more evenly throughout the year, and the snow cover lasts 120 days. The central plateau has hot, dry summers averaging 23 deg C (73 deg F) and cold, moist winters, when temperatures average below 0 deg C (32 deg F).

The TIGRIS RIVER and the EUPHRATES RIVER originate in eastern Turkey before flowing to the Persian Gulf. The Araks and Kurucay rivers flow to the Caspian Sea; the Kizil and Sakarya to the Black Sea; the Macestus to the Sea of Marmara; and the Gediz and the Buyukmenderes to the Aegean. The Goksu, Seyhan, and Ceyhan rivers flow to the Mediterranean. Most Turkish rivers are not navigable, having irregular, shallow beds and seasonal depth changes.

Turkey has 7 geographical regions 

Black Sea Region: Temperate climate with warm summers, mild winters and relatively high rainfall.

Marmara Region: Typical Mediterranean climate with hot summers and mild winters.

Mediterranean Region: Mediterranean climate with hot summers mild winters. 

Central Anatolia Region: Hot, dry summers and cold winters.

Eastern Anatolia Region: Long snowy, cold winters and mild summers

Southeastern Anatolia Regions: Hot summers with mild, rainy winters.

WEATHER

Average Monthly Temperature (Farenheit)

 

City             Jan.   Feb.   Mar.  Apr.   May.   Jun.   Jul.   Aug.   Sep.   Oct.   Nov.   Dec.

Antalya       50      52     55      61       68       77     82     82       77      68      59      54

Izmir           48     50      52      61       68       77     82     81       73      64      59      50

Istanbul      41      43      45      54       61      70      73     73       68     61      54      46

Trabzon     43      43      45       52       59     68      72     72       66       59     54     48

Ankara       32      34      41       52      61     68      73      73      64       64      46    36

Erzurum     16      19      27      41       70      59    68       68      59      59      36     23

Diyarbakir 36       36      36      57       66       79    88      88      77      77       50    39

Mugla        49       51     54       61       66      68     81      81      75     75        59    53

Konya       38       40      44     55       65       72     75     75       69     69        50    40

 

Tours of Turkey and Aegean Islands cruises   

Religious and Archeology holidays in Turkey

 

 

 

 

 

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