DID YOU KNOW THESE ABOUT
is the only city in the world located on two continents, Europe and Asia.
In its 2,000 year history, it has been the capital of three great
empires—Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman.
oldest known human settlement in the world is located in Catalhoyuk, Turkey,
dating back to 6500 B.C. The earliest landscape painting in history was found on
the wall of a Catalhoyuk house, illustrating the volcanic eruption of nearby Hasandag.
of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World stood in Turkey-the temple of
Artemis at Ephesus and the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus in Bodrum.
introduced coffee to Europe.
first coins ever minted were done so at Sardis, the capital of the ancient
kingdom of Lydia, at the end of the seventh century.
word “turquoise” comes from “Turk” meaning Turkish, and was derived
from the beautiful colour of the Mediterranean Sea on the southern Turkish
first gave the Dutch their famous tulips that started the craze for the
flower in England and the Netherlands.
Bulbs brought to Vienna from Istanbul in the 1500s were so intensely
popular that by 1634 in Holland it was called “tulipmania.”
People invested money in tulips as they do in stocks today.
This period of elegance and amusement in 17th century
Turkey is referred to as “The Tulip Age.”
most valuable silk carpet I the world is in the
Mevlana Museum in Konya,
Turkey. Marco Polo’s journeys
in the thirteenth century took him here, and he remarked that the “best
and handsomest of rugs” were to be found in Turkey.
important events surrounding the
birth of Christianity occurred in Turkey.
St. John, St. Paul, and St. Peter all lived and prayed in southern
Anatolia. Tradition has it that
St. John brought the Virgin Mary to Ephesus after the Crucifixion, where she
spent her last days in a small stone house (Meryemana Evi) on what is now
Bulbuldagi (Mount Koressos). It
remains a popular pilgrimage site for Christians to this day.
archaeologists and biblical scholars believe
Noah’s Ark landed on Agri Dagi Mount Ararat in eastern Turkey.
Seven Churches mentioned in the Book of Revelation are all found in Turkey:
Ephesus, Smyrna, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea.
cave known today as the Grotto of St. Peter, or Church of St. Peter, is
believed to be where the Apostle Peter preached when he visited Anitoch (Antakya
in southern Turkey). It is
widely considered to be one of the earliest Christian house of worship.
In 1963, the papacy designated the site as a place of pilgrimage and
recognized it as the world’s first cathedral.
Every year on June 29, a special service held at the church, is
attended by Christians from around the world.
is the birthplace of many historic figures and legends, such as the poet
Homer, King Midas, Herodutus (the father of history) and St. Paul the
Nicholas, known as Santa Claus today, was born and lived in Demre (Myra) on
Turkey’s Mediterranean coast. The village contains the famous Church of St. Nicholas
with the sarcophagus believed to be his tomb.
first man ever to fly was Turkish. Using
two wings, Hezarfen Ahmet Celebi flew from the Galata Tower over the
Bosphorous to land in Uskudar in the 17th century.
of Turkey and Aegean Islands cruises UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Turkey
and Archeology holidays in Turkey